When people think of the wildlife of Childwall Woods and Fields, one of the first things to spring to mind is the birdlife, which is always present to be enjoyed by every visitor to this wonderful site. The site has produced over 40/60 species in the past, but numbers have dropped somewhat in recent times, although the rich variety of habitats still supports a diverse community of birdlife.  Old beech woods, younger deciduous tree plantations, bramble, grassy areas, and young scrub all contribute to a matrix of different places for birds to use.

Blue tit – Feb 2021 – Danny Carmichael

In order for us to gain a better understanding of the birdlife of the site, David, (FCWF President) committed himself to making 100 survey visits in 2019 to record the birds. Now completed, the survey continues into 2021.

Walks through the woods and fields generally take 1½ – 2 hours each, at different times of the day and in various weather conditions.  Seeing and recording the different birds presents many challenges, starting with the observer’s own skills at identification, which are improving with time and experience.

As the leaves of the trees and scrub plants develop through spring into summer, it becomes more difficult to see the birds, and the songs and calls they make become increasingly important for identification purposes.

Long-tailed Tit – March ’21 – Danny Carmichael

Counting the birds on each occasion is more of an art than a science.  For instance, is the large mobile bird like a crow or a magpie, seen at one side of the site, the same or different from the bird seen later on at the other side?  Or how, on a quiet sunny morning in the woods, do you count numbers of robins when there is a continuous wall of their singing as you walk?  Numbers counted on the day are extremely subjective, but do at least give some indication of their abundance.

A total number of 42 species has been recorded to February 2021, which is 9 up from the first year, with an extra 5 species being reported by other observers.  During 2019, over-flying birds such as gulls were not included on the site list, but the rules were changed for 2020 so that all birds seen on the site and in the air at any height are counted.

Abundance scales:    VC  =  Very Common     C =  Common     OC = Occasional     R = Rare    


Blackbird  –  VC

Blue tit  –  VC

Bullfinch  –  OC

Buzzard  – C (Nov to May)

Carrion crow  –  VC

Canada Goose – R (Flyover)

Chaffinch  –  OC

Coal tit  –  R

Cormorant – R (Flyover)

Dunnock  –  OC

Feral Pigeon – OC

Goldcrest  –  R

Goldfinch  –  C

Great spotted woodpecker  –  C

Great tit  – VC (Quiet from May)

Greenfinch  –  C (Quiet from Aug to Dec)

Herring gull – flyovers rarely identified

House sparrow  –  R

Jackdaw  –  Large numbers midwinter

Jay  –  C

Kestrel  – R

Lesser black-backed gull – flyovers rarely identified

Linnet  –  C (in summer)

Long-tailed tit  –  OC

Magpie  –  VC

Nuthatch  –  C (Calling Feb to April)

Redpoll – R winter visitor

Robin –  VC (Quiet July to mid-August)

Siskin  –  R winter visitor

Song thrush  – VC (Singing Feb to July)

Sparrowhawk – R

Stock dove  –  OC

Treecreeper  –  OC (probably overlooked)

Woodpigeon  –  VC

Wren  –  VC  (starts singing March)


Blackcap  –  VC  (Early April to mid-July)

Chiffchaff  –  VC  (Mid-March to May)

Swift – R (Flyover)

Whitethroat  –  OC  (Mid-April to May)

Willow warbler  –  (Mid April – in passage?)






Redwing  –  OC  (Nov – Feb )

Pink-footed Goose – (Flyover)


















That is 42 species unless you know different!  To these, we have added pheasantspotted flycatcher, and wheatear, seen once each in 2020 and lapwing in 2021 by other observers. Finally, the tawny owl is an undoubted inclusion as it has been heard on a security camera system recording through both winter periods and by several local people.

If you have seen birds that are not on this list please email the details to with as much information as you can give, such as date, time location, and what the bird was doing at the time.



Buzzards (1 or 2 at a time) are present from November through to May.  Sometimes they have been sitting in a tree around the corner and it is surprising how close one can get to them to see them in detail.

Great-spotted woodpecker – a really popular and familiar bird as its hammering signal to other woodpeckers can be heard throughout the woods.  There are several breeding pairs on site.

A Jay – Danny Carmichael

The corvids make a major contribution to the birdlife of the site. The jay is a really noisy bird as it squawks at you through the trees and if you are lucky, you will be able to see its very colourful plumage.

Magpies, always present, can be seen in large numbers (over 150 on one memorable occasion!). During the winter months, large flocks of jackdaws (400-600 at a time) can be seen from the Gateacre Shopping Precinct, congregating in the trees up the slope at dusk. They frequently make excursions to the Childwall woods, but with such numbers, it is almost impossible to count the carrion crows that mix in with them. Throughout the year, crows are almost always seen in ones and twos or slightly more, all over the site.

Nuthatch – Danny Carmichael

Even though the nuthatch is frequently heard during the spring, you will be fortunate indeed to catch sight of one. The treecreeper is even more secretive and has a very high-pitched song that is difficult to pick up.

Song thrush –  Danny Carmichael – Feb 21st 21

Male song thrushes spend the entire breeding period (Feb to July) with their repetitive songs marking their territories.  As many as six at a time can be located spread over the site.

Woodpigeons are guaranteed and sometimes gather together in their tens, whilst on one occasion in May more than 200 were seen in the poplars on the top field!

A young wren – October 2019 – Michael Barlow       Winner of the Photography Competition 2019

The cheery little wren frequently sings at you from the shrubbery close by throughout the breeding season (lucky you if you see it!) and then, like the robin, goes silent for a couple of months.

The summer migrant visitors are represented by four warblers. The first one to arrive is the chiffchaff around 19th March, almost to the day each year.

The blackcap comes in early April, followed a week or so later by the whitethroat.  The willow warbler has been heard on single occasions in 2019 and 2020 as it was passing through on its migration journey and swifts have been spotted twice in June 2020

The only winter migrant to visit Childwall Woods and Fields is the redwing, which can be seen throughout the site, woods, and fields.

Whilst the birds that show up in numbers hold the interest to the observer, it is the species making single or rare appearances that add extra excitement.  In March 2019 a house sparrow was heard in the trees by the concrete path near the TV studio car park, and then never again!

Goldcrest – Feb 2021 – Danny Carmichae

Bullfinch, goldcrest, kestrel, sparrowhawk, and siskin all make occasional visits and may be observed several times over a few days

Redpoll – Feb 2021 – Gill Griffiths

In February 2021 considerable interest focused over a period of days on a small mixed flock of redpolls and siskins.

The tawny owl has presented a problem right throughout the survey. Although a tawny owl has not been seen yet, people say they hear one at night during the winter months. And to confirm, this bird has been recorded many times on a security camera in Childwall Abbey Road through both winters, providing convincing proof of its presence on the site.

Finally, we reach the odd-balls, the ones that should never have been seen! Cormorants and Canada geese have gone over on a couple of occasions in spring 2020. And later in the year, what was a pheasant doing in the plantation on the middle field? The spotted flycatcher and wheatear seen at the edge of the top field are definite migrants passing through. What next?

Author: David G Holland MSc CEnv MCIEEM

Consultant Ecologist

President, Friends of Childwall Woods and Fields


To see a gallery of beautiful photographs taken on the site, visit

The Photo Gallery


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