The Champion Tree

Champion Trees are the largest and tallest trees in Britain, and Childwall Woods is proud to have a champion tree of its own amongst its many beautiful specimens.

The Tree Register of Britain and Ireland (TROBI) is a record of all the spectacular trees in Britain and Ireland and it has been confirmed that Childwall Woods is the home of a new Lancashire Champion.  (It seems we are still in Lancashire).

You will no doubt have walked past our champion tree without giving it a second look if you have walked past the Folly on the main path next to the carriageway. It is one of many beautiful oaks in our woods, but this one is different. The dark green leaves of an English Oak are uniquely patterned with creamy white. No two leaves the same, as unique as snowflakes.

Quercus robur Variegata

Only 54 sites across all of Britain and Ireland are known to have such a tree and Childwall Woods is one of them.

There are only 69 specimens of variegated common oak on the Tree Register, although we are told that this is probably because many of the oldest trees have reverted back and now have typical green leaves.

Not so with our specimen which has a creamy white ripple throughout each leaf.

The officials from the TROBI tell us that all old variegated oak will have been grafted and this one bears a graft mark at the bottom of its trunk with leaves below being plain green and everything above being variegated.  To create a variegated specimen of anything, an albino specimen has to be combined with a normal specimen, creating the two coloured rippled effect. A specialist and very expensive horticultural process.

June 2020   Plain green leaves below the graft line.

From its size, girth 1.60m, and mossy condition, it appears that this tree was probably planted over 200 years ago by the wealthy owners at the time, Bamber Gascoyne Jnr and his wife. The rarity and cost of the tree highlight the importance of the area to the owners of the land. A beautiful woodland walk was created, down the steps from the pathway,  past a rare variegated oak tree, down more steps and into the Folly where more ornamental trees can be seen.

Variegated holly trees are all around this area and on top of what is locally known as ‘Monkey Island’, not to mention the unusual rhododendrons and Holm oak tree in this vicinity, reminding us of the wealthy owners who once went to the expense of creating this ornamental woodland walk.

Looking down from the path above where walkers would have found themselves looking into the crown of the tree.

Moss covered branches indicating that this is an old tree.

Many dead branches show in its canopy that it is past its best.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Although this is clearly a very old tree it has produced many acorns this year and another rare find, a variegated oak gall ( caused by a gall wasp egg).

A variegated oak gall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BUT  WE DONT JUST HAVE ONE RARE TREE, WE HAVE 2

Around the corner, past the clearing, is another variegated oak

This slightly small specimen (girth 1.34m) is nestled amongst the rhododendrons and you may have passed by oblivious to the clusters of cream and green leaves above you.

Discovered June 5th 2020

 

It was this specimen that was discovered first on 5th June 2020 that caused the search for other rareties and the new champion was found.

 

Not quite as big as the champion but recorded by the TROBI as the 14th largest variegated common oak in Britain and Ireland.

 

 

The 14th largest specimen in Britain and Ireland

 

 

 

 

A tree of character and age as can be seen by its graft mark high on its trunk and above that the stub of an old branch.

The stub of an old branch

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maybe not a champion but still considered a tree of importance by the TROBI.

Towering above the rhododendrons

 

 

 

Not the tallest, but still noticeable above the rhododendrons.

 

Here too ornamental rhododendrons can be found not far from the rare oak. It seems the ornamental woodland walk created over two centuries ago was continued past the Folly and on into the woods past the smaller variegated oak.

Maybe other arboreal gems, now hidden by the rhododendron, wait to be discovered by those who care to look.  We will keep you posted.

 

 

 

First published in August 2020

B Cameron   Secretary of FCWF

All photographs are the authors own.

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